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Recordo Expression player system

We are going to attempt to provide enough information here to identify some of the major Recordo systems. To our current knowledge, there have been at least nine major manufacturers of the system. While they all used the same trackerbar layout and the same Recordo music rolls, the expression device, the rotary vacuum pump, and certain automatic and mechanical features are quite different.

In general terms, the Recordo system is capable of producing four levels of music expression (P, MF, F, and FF), using four special holes in the trackerbar, plus the lowest, or zero, level (PP), for a total of five levels. While not used in all Recordo systems, the music rolls can also have Bass and Treble Hammer Rail Lift perforations, which each move half of the hammers (bass or treble) closer to the strings. This effectively lowers the volume of the music. Two other features include the Auto Sustain Pedal and an optional Ukelele or Mandolin Rail, which can be operated from the music roll. Most Recordo systems also offer manual controls for all of the above features and expression levels. That allows the user to play the music with expression when using regular 88-note music rolls. It should also be stated that all Recordo systems can play regular 88-note rolls. The system will not preform correctly if other types of expression or reproducing rolls are used unless the Recordo system is turned 'Off' (some systems offer a Recordo 'On'-'Off' switch in the spoolbox).


The seven major system makers are (1) Motor Player Corp (Electora Recordo System), (2) Wurlitzer, (3) M. Schulz Co. ('Aria-Divina'), (4) Starr Piano Co., (5) Standard (early and later), (6) Auto-Deluxe, (7) Artistone, (8) Amphion, (9) H.C. Bay. Below are the best pictures or diagrams we've been able to find of the expression device for these systems.

(1) Motor Player Corp (Electora Recordo System)
(2) Wurlitzer
(3) M. Schulz Co. ('Aria-Divina')
(4) Starr Piano Co.
(5) Standard (early)
(5) Standard (later)
(6) Auto-Deluxe
(7) Artistone
(8) Amphion
(9) HC Bay

I wrote an email to a gentleman years ago that expresses my feelings about the Recordo system and its many variations. It's titled: Recordo: Which One?. There's also a webpage named: Simplex Recordo. As I locate other information about Recordo systems, it will be presented here.

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Some information is also in the book 'Player Piano Servicing & Rebuilding'

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This webpage was created on October 6, 2018.


Since "Player-Care" is an internet business, I prefer that we correspond via E-Mail (click here to fill out the 'Request Form'). However, if I'm not in the middle of some other activity, you can reach me at 732-840-8787. But please understand that during the hours from 8AM-5PM EST (Mon-Sat), I'm generally quite busy. So, I probably won't answer the phone. If you get the answering machine, please leave a detailed message stating the reason for your call. Also, repeat your name and phone number clearly and distinctly. By necessity, I prioritize everything in my life. And, if you call and just leave your name and number, and ask me to call you back, it might be a day or two before I return your call. Why? Because I don't know why you want me to call and I might not be prepared to assist you in an effective and efficient manner. If you leave me an E-Mail address (which I prefer), spell it out phonetically. The more you do to help me, the more I can help you in return. Don't rush. You have four minutes to record your message.

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